DiscoverZOE Science & NutritionThe best exercise routine, according to your muscle clocks with Professor Karyn Esser
The best exercise routine, according to your muscle clocks with Professor Karyn Esser

The best exercise routine, according to your muscle clocks with Professor Karyn Esser

Update: 2024-04-0410
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Description

Our bodies naturally follow a roughly 24-hour cycle, called our circadian rhythm. And every cell has a rhythm.

As we get older, we tend to lose muscle, making us more prone to falls and less able to live independently. Though we can't stop aging, staying active helps keep our muscles strong and our bodies healthy for longer.

Prof. Karyn Esser is a specialist in how the body's natural rhythms affect muscles. Today, she guides us through the latest research and shows that it's always possible to harness the power of your muscles to enhance your quality of life. She is a professor in the Department of Physiology and Aging at the University of Florida, where she’s also the co-director of the University of Florida Older Americans Independence Center.

In today's episode of ZOE Science & Nutrition, Jonathan and Karyn explore the body's internal clocks and ask: why do our muscles have their own schedule, and is there an ideal time of day to exercise?

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Timecodes

00:00  Introduction

00:18   Quickfire questions

02:01   Why are muscles important, particularly as we get older?

08:45   Why we all lose strength as we age

11:07   What type of exercise do we need to maintain our muscle strength as we age?

14:55   What is a circadian clock?

19:25   Everything has a circadian rhythm

21:32   Why do our muscles work on a 24-hour cycle?

24:20   Humans are stronger in the afternoon

30:24   Is there a best time to exercise?

35:01   Can exercise before or after work help shift workers with jet lag?

37:33   Is there a difference between men and women’s responses to circadian rhythms?  

41:44   What are the effects of time-restricted eating on muscle mass?

53:42   Summary

Mentioned in today's episode:

Defining the age-dependent and tissue-specific circadian transcriptome in male mice from Cell Reports

Related studies: 

Timing is everything: Circadian clocks set the rhythm for vital functions in bacteria from the University of Chicago

Effects of resveratrol on in vitro circadian clock gene expression in young and older human adipose-derived progenitor cells in Aging

Age is associated with dampened circadian patterns of rest and activity: The Study of Muscle, Mobility and Aging (SOMMA) in medRxiv

Have feedback or a topic you'd like us to cover? Let us know here

Episode transcripts are available here.

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The best exercise routine, according to your muscle clocks with Professor Karyn Esser

The best exercise routine, according to your muscle clocks with Professor Karyn Esser

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